While driving, It is very important to know the give way rules to avoid any dangers on the road.Giving way means that the road user you’re giving way to whether they are a driver, cyclist, pedestrian or any other kind of road user..
At many intersections traffic is controlled by Stop signs, Give Way signs and traffic signals. See below for when to use the give way rules at these intersections. If a police officer is directing traffic you must obey his/her directions as they overrule the give way rules.
Driving up to an intersection
If any other vehicle is approaching or crossing an intersection, do not speed up when approaching. As you drive up to an intersection, use the system of car control. This method helps you deal with hazards safely.
An intersection is where two or more streets or roads join or cross. Intersections can include where a public entrance or exit joins a street or road.
Intersections can include entrances to and exits from supermarkets, petrol stations and other public parking areas, such as airports and hospitals. There are a number of different types of intersections, depending on how many roads meet at the intersection.
Road users must stop or give way as necessary at Stop signs, Give Way signs and traffic signals.
If you are turning, give way to vehicles not turning. Note: if you are leaving the path of a marked centre line, you are deemed to be turning and must give way to vehicles that are following the centre line.
If you are turning right, give way to all vehicles coming towards you including those turning left. Note: this applies if both vehicles are facing no signs or signals or the same signs or signals.
At a T-intersection or driveway, traffic on a terminating road or driveway (bottom of the T) must give way to all traffic on a continuing road (top of the T).
In all other situations, give way to all vehicles coming from your right, eg at a crossroad controlled by traffic signals, when the signals have failed and all approaches have flashing yellow lights.
When two vehicles are coming towards each other and both are turning right, no one should have to give way.
This is because normally neither will cross the other’s path, so both vehicles can turn safely. However, be careful if the other vehicle is a large truck or bus, as they may need more room to make the turn.
Remember to check for traffic coming towards you that is going straight through the intersection. Your view might be blocked by the turning vehicle.
At an intersection controlled by a Give Way sign:
- slow down and be ready to stop
- give way to all other vehicles, except those facing a Stop sign
- if you and another vehicle are both facing a Give Way sign, use the give way .
- you must not go until it is safe.
- A triangle give way marking and a white line will be painted on a sealed road.
- A car facing a Stop sign gives way to a car facing a Give Way sign.
- If you are turning, give way to all traffic that is not turning.This includes giving way to cyclists using cycle and bus lanes, and vehicles using bus lanes.
- If you are turning right and the opposing vehicle is turning left, you must give way.
- If the road you are on terminates (bottom of the T), give way to traffic on the continuing road
- You must give way to all traffic on the road and any road user on a footpath, cycle path or shared path.
- In all other situations give way to your right. An example would be at an uncontrolled intersection or crossroads controlled by traffic signals when signals have failed and all approaches have a flashing yellow light.
The following rules apply at an intersection controlled by traffic lights on Uganda’s roads.
A red signal means stop.
A green signal means you can go, provided it is safe and: if you are turning right, you give way to vehicles coming towards you that are going straight through, or vehicles turning left. You give way to pedestrians crossing. This includes riders of mobility devices and wheeled recreational devices.
A yellow signal means stop, unless you are so close to the intersection that you can’t stop safely. A yellow signal indicates that the lights will soon turn red.
A flashing yellow signal means the traffic signals are not working. In this case, you must apply the give way rules for uncontrolled intersections.
When arrows are displayed on traffic signals, they apply only to vehicles going in the direction the arrow is pointing. For example:
A red arrow means you must stop if you are travelling in the direction the arrow is pointing.
A yellow arrow means you must stop if you are travelling in the direction the arrow is pointing, unless you are so close to the intersection that you can’t stop safely.
A green arrow means you can go if you are travelling in the direction the arrow is pointing, provided it is safe.
Giving way at Roundabouts
A roundabout is a central island in the middle of an intersection, where all vehicles must travel to the left of the island. Roundabouts can be small, large, single-laned or multi-laned. The number of roads that come into a roundabout can range from three to five or even more.
When you come up to a roundabout that has only one lane in each direction: slow down as you come up to the roundabout and be prepared to give way .give way to all vehicles that will cross your path from your right as you enter the roundabout.
Most roundabouts that have more than one lane in each direction are marked with lanes and arrows, which help you enter and leave the roundabout. The lane markings and arrows will tell you which lane to use.
Not all roundabouts are marked the same way, so take extra care – especially at the exits. If you need to cross from one lane to another near an exit, give way to any vehicles in the lane that you want to enter.
When coming up to a multi-laned roundabout, slow down as you come up to the roundabout and be prepared to give way.
- be in the correct lane for where you want to go
- Give way to all vehicles that will cross your path from your right as you enter the roundabout.
- At roundabouts, look out for vehicles that:
- may have to change lanes to exit
- may not be able to stay in their lane because they are:
- large (for example, buses)
- Travelling too fast.